Adalah Noun Phrase yang dikombinasikan dengan komponen lain seperti Appositive (_,__, ),  Adjective Close (who, whom, which dll),  Prepositional Phrase (noun/NP yang didahului oleh preposition) atau Participle (V-3/V-ing) sehingga Noun Phrase ini menjadi sangat complex dan panjang serta membuat kita bingung untuk menentukan HEAD Noun yang menjadi SUBJECT dalam phrase tersebut. Perhatikan subject kalimat berikut ini: “ the small boy left  by his mother in the traditional market yesterday is crying along day.” Seperti yang kita lihat, “the small boy left  by his mother in the traditional market” adalah subject dari kalimat ini. Namun subject tersebut masih memiliki subject inti yang menjadi patokan dalam kalimat. Nah sekarang yang manakah subject inti (HEAD Noun Phrase) dalam kalimat tersebut? Kalau kita perhatikan kalimat di atas, ada 3 noun (NP) yang berpotensi untuk menjadi subject inti, namun jangan terkecoh karena subject yang asli (inti) pasti berada paling depan yaitu “BOY”. Adapun component (tambahan untuk subject/object) yang  sering dijadikan tambahan dalam noun phrase adalah sebagai berikut:

BACA JUGA: Beasiswa FULL untuk S2 dan S3 di Korea Selatan

  • Appositive (penjelasan tambahan)
    • Soekarno, a president of Indonesia, was from Blitar.
    • Adi, the cat, has stolen a fish from my kitchen.

  • Adjective Clause (AC)
    • The boy, who has visited me just now, is my friend.
    • The boy who has visited me just now is my friend. (no coma)

BACA JUGA: Determiner & Modifier


  • Prepotional Phrase (Prep + OP)
    • the yongest  son of  Queen Merry buying many books invites me to visit his kingdom”
    • the vaccine of a severe desease has been found in Indonesia.”

  • Participle (Verb-3 / Verb-ing)
    • the broken bottle thrown into the sea by my friends has been collected by environmental volunteers. ”
    • the man inhabiting my house without permition was gone yesterday.”

Dalam TOEFL biasanya componen di atas sering kali dijadikan pengecoh untuk membuat kita saat memilih subject initi. ingat componen tidak pernah bisa jadi subject. ia hanyalah pelengkap atau aksesoris untuk noun/noun phrase.

Mungkin sampek sini dulu yaa. Jika ada saran atau request tolong sampaikan dikolom komentar ya guys. Semoga bermanfaat Aamiin.

By vocabmu

349 thoughts on “TOEFL: COMPLEX NOUN PHRASE”
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